University College Jaitu, Faridkot Constituent College of Punjabi University Patiala

Languages

The Department of Languages has taken many initiatives to promote Punjabi Language, Literature and Folklore. The students are introduced to our rich cultural heritage via our repository of folk tales and fables. To depart the communication skills and make students familiar with English, language departments held many workshops and extension lectures. To express views and show the exact emotions we need language. Languages are the basics of any society and culture. Literature study is as good as interesting phenomenon of science. Versatility of characters and experiences of the Great men show us the path of utmost courage. Punjabi, English, Hindi are the languages and literature which are being taught in University College, Jaitu.

Punjabi Language and Literature

Punjabi is our “MA-BOLI”. it is the official language of the Indian state of Punjab and the shared state capital Chandigarh. It is one of the official languages of Delhi and the second language of Haryana.Punjabi is the provincial language of Punjab, the largest province of Pakistan.Punjabi is one of the Indian languages that belongs to the outer-circle of the Indo-Aryan languages. It is distantly associated with English which is a member of the same Indo-European language family. Punjabi is spoken mainly in the states of Punjab both in India and Pakistan as well as in their Diasporas. It nearly resembles Hindi and Urdu and is spoken by approximately 88 million native speakers. It is the 11th most widely spoken language in the world.Study of Punjabi language and its Literature is a very interesting activity. University College jaitu delivers the accurate and adequate amount of knowledge to students Regarding Punjabi and Punjabi literature.

When studying Literature, students can learn not only language aspects such as vocabulary items but also that language can be used for specific and aesthetic purposes. Familiarity with the concepts of beat, metre and rhythm can improve their own writing as students are able to appreciate and apply these ideas. Finally, the study of Literature can provide students with a fresh and creative angle with which to approach their studies in particular and their lives in general.

English and Literrature

Today English language is integral part part of one’s personality. English literature is hundreds of years old and continues to be one of the most popular courses of study in high schools and universities around the world.An enjoyment and appreciation of Literature will give students the ability to develop this into an interest in books and reading as they move away from their studies and into their adult lives. They will have the confidence to approach and tackle new forms of books and writing, since they were exposed to a range of literature during their school days.  Learn about what defines English literature and a few of its greatest writers.English literature is the study of literature written in the English language. The writers do not necessarily have to be from England but can be from all over the world. It includes some of history’s most famous writers: James Joyce (Ireland), William Shakespeare (England), Mark Twain (United States), Arthur Conan Doyle (Scotland), Dylan Thomas (Wales), and Vladimir Nabokov (Russia), just to name a few.English literature dates back more than five centuries. It represents writers not only from different parts of the world and time periods, but it covers every major genre and style of writing as well.

Hindi Language and Literature

Hindi is an Indo-Aryan language and about 487 million people speak the language. In India, it is the main language used in the northern states of Rajasthan, Delhi, Haryana,Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar, and is spoken in much of north and central India along with other languages such as Punjabi, Gujarati, Marathi or Bengali. In other parts as well, like Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan, people are able to understand Hindi. Hindi language has its roots in the classical Sanskrit language and contains more vocabulary from Sanskrit. Hindi, with English and most other European languages, was evolved from a language thought to have been spoken in Central Asia around 5,000 BC, which is being called the Indo-European parent language by linguists. Due to this reason and because of the 200-year British rule in India, many basic words in Hindi are found to be the same as or similar to their English equivalent.

Only during the 4th century AD, Hindi was started to be used in writing. It was originally written with the Brahmi script, but since the 11th century AD, it has been written with the Devanagari alphabet, which is common to several other Indian languages as well.Between the middle of the 10th century and the beginning of the 14th century, known as Adhikal, Hindi literature was mainly in the form of poetry. Religious ideologies or the bravery of the great rulers and warriors were the focus of these works.

Subject Tutor

  • Dr. Parminder Singh Taggar       (Punjabi)
  • Astt.Professor Manpreet Kaur    (English)
  • Astt.Professor Amarpreet Kaur  (Punjabi)